The vestibular system is a sensory organ located in the inner ear that contributes to the sensation of movement and balance in most mammals. Vestibular syndrome is the clinical manifestation of damage to the vestibular system. But what are the causes?
Peripheral vestibular disease is usually the consequence of dysfunctions in the semicircular canals, the vestibule or the vestibular nerve. It can therefore appear following:
As for central vestibular disease, it results from dysfunctions in the balance centers of the central nervous system (CNS). This may follow damage to the brainstem or cerebellum from:
Vestibular syndrome is manifested by three symptoms:
The treatment of vestibular syndrome is based on three main steps: