The main symptom of myringitis is ear pain. However, this condition can also be diagnosed by the presence of otoscopic vesicles on the tympanic membrane. Once the cause of the inflammation is identified, it can be resolved within a few days.
Myringitis is caused by inflammation of the surrounding tissues resulting from conditions, including but not limited to, otitis media, trauma improper ear cleaning, mycetes, penetration of foreign bodies, to name a few. It can also occur as a result of an upper airway infection.
Myringitis can be diagnosed through an otolaryngological examination, which includes an analysis of the patient's symptoms and an inspection of the ear through an otoscope, to detect the presence of vesicles or other lesions of the eardrum. The doctor will also check for otitis media, which, unlike meringitis, affects the area behind the eardrum.
The treatment of myringitis depends on its type and generally involves taking antibiotics and painkillers.
Like all hearing pathologies, myringitis is common in children whose are still in development and whose ear formation is not yet definitive. As it is contagious, contact between affected children should be avoided.